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What's Changing? - Migration

Migration

 

Please see below selected recent migration-related developments.

 

See also: Halcyon Migration Headlines

 

May 2018

  • According to a recent Pew Research study, the average immigrant from sub-Saharan Africa has more years of education than the average citizen of the US or European community in which he or she settles. (Italy is the exception.) Nearly 70 percent of African immigrants over 25 who live in the US had some college experience. 
  • Beyond Africans, a 2017 Pew Research study reported that a higher percentage (31%) of all immigrants to the US have either a university or graduate degree than do native-born Americans (30%). The emphasis on education extends across generations. A 2015 report found that a higher percentage of the children of college-educated immigrants earn graduate degrees and get top-tier jobs than the children of native-born Americans. 
  • Warmer weather means more refugee flows across the Mediterranean to Europe. While those flows have fallen since Italy and Libya reached an accord on controlling migrant smuggling in early 2017, fresh political uncertainty in Libya could make things more difficult this summer, and even a modest uptick in arrivals will ensure that refugee policy remains a hot-button issue across Europe, according to GZEROMedia. 

    More than one million Venezuelans have entered Colombia since Nicolas Maduro’s government descended into crisis last year, according to a senior Red Cross official. That number is far larger than previous estimates.

 

April 2018

  • Venezuela’s acute political and humanitarian crisis is now driving out some 5,000 refugees a day, according to the UN. At that rate, some 1.8 million people – or more than 5 per cent of Venezuela’s population – will depart this year. According to GZEROMedia, they are straining the ability of neighbouring countries like Brazil and Colombia to cope, in ways that could become politically significant soon.
  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees issues an annual report concerning the approximately 21 million people worldwide falling under its mandate: refugees forced to leave their countries due to war, political, racial or religious persecution, as internally displaced persons, or as repatriates on their way back home.  An interactive visualisation gives an insight into the flows and connections of global flight and expulsion.
  • Germany’s foreign-born population reached a record 10.6 million in 2017, an increase of 5.8 percent from 2016. Refugee arrivals have levelled off, but immigration from eastern EU countries is climbing at an above-average rate.

    The United States is on track to resettle only 20,800 refugees in fiscal year 2018, according to calculations by The Economist. That’s a 61% annual reduction, and the lowest number since 1980, when the modern system of refugee admissions was established.

 

2017

  • As Western populations live ever longer, they will need more nurses, care assistants, housekeepers and cleaners. The demand for highly skilled workers will therefore grow too, and countries will start to compete more fiercely for mobile talent. Migration will “define our future”, claimed the authors of a recent book.
  • DNA tests on almost 1,000 people have shown all non-Africans are related to a single population that migrated from Africa between 80,000 and 50,000 years ago. The research, published in the journal Nature, details how geneticists took DNA samples from people of different cultures in different parts of the world. They then traced back their genetic links through the millennia. All arrived at the same conclusion. This animated video, produced by the University of Hawaii, shows the spread of the human race across the globe over a 125,000 year period.

 

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