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A Mundane Comedy is Dom Kelleher's new book, which will be published in late 2024. The introduction is available here and further extracts will appear on this site and on social media in the coming months.

The 52:52:52 project, launching on this site and on social media later in 2024, will help you address 52 issues with 52 responses over 52 weeks.

This site addresses what's changing, at the personal, organisational and societal levels. You'll learn about key changes across more than 150 elements of life, from ageing and time, through nature and animals, to kindness and love...and much more besides, which will help you better prepare for related change in your own life.

Halcyon In Kaleidoscope features irregular and fragmentary writings - on ideas and values, places and people - which evolve over time into mini essais, paying humble homage to the peerless founder of the genre. The kaleidoscope is Halcyon's prime metaphor, viewing the world through ever-moving lenses.

What's Changing? - Time



Please see below recent time-related change.


See also:


June 2024

  • Our experience of time is changing. For the philosopher Byung-Chul Han, the early 21st century has left us ‘whizzing without a direction’. Our world is shaped by the restless, disorienting rhythms of near-term deliverables, social media impression counts, technological obsolescence, shallow electoral cycles, rapid news cycles, frenzied culture wars, sudden stock market shifts, gig economy hustles, and occupational burnout. 


April 2024

  • According to cognitive neuroscientist, Martin Wiener, we experience the passage of time at different rates. Time can speed up or slow down depending on our focus, our environment, or the familiarity of an experience. It can also be affected by factors like age, mood, and stress levels. For example, studies* by brain researcher Robert E. Ornstein in the 1960s revealed that time passes more slowly when we process a greater amount of information. This helps to explain why during an accident or other frightening experience, time seems to almost stand still around us - because our brain is working hard as it tries to process lots of critical information linked to our survival.


March 2024


February 2024

  • Space-time is one of the dimensions on which we comprehend and describe reality. Time neither flows, nor flies, or drags on; it doesn’t run out and is not a commodity that can be wasted. But human feelings and sensations of the passage of time are diametrically different: human time flows, speeds up or slows down. We can also be short of it, or we can be called time-wasters. So, human time does not appear to be in the least like physicist’s time. And yet they are intimately related: the first emerged from the latter, together with humans, their consciousness, societies they built, and languages they speak.
  • Timebanking’ is where exchange is based on an alternative currency: time. Simply: for every hour you give to your community, you receive an hour credit, and the bank stores and trades your credits. This could include gardening, IT support, home repairs or errands: tasks that aren’t always traded in the formal monetary economy but useful nonetheless. Timebanking’s position in the middle ground between voluntary reciprocal support networks and monetary economy can bring powerful benefits, including building relationships and trust in communities, as well as enabling people with low incomes to access services that might otherwise be unaffordable – particularly valuable during times of high inflation.


July 2023


May 2023


January 2023

  • On average, workers save 72 minutes a day in commute time from working remotely. About two-fifths of this time goes to the employer; about a tenth to caregiving activities, according to Exponential View.


December 2022


September 2022

  • Nick Young from Centre for Philosophy of Time at the University of Milan argued that we tend to mistake the feeling of doing - moving, thinking, focusing - for the feeling of time passing. We experience ourselves as perpetually active. However, this is likely a product of our neurophysiology. Brains don’t stop: information is continually being received, recalled, processed and responded to, but we are not consciously aware of this fact, so rather than blaming our neurophysiology for the feeling that we must constantly act, we mistakenly think that some outside force - like a flowing river of time - is responsible for the ever-present feeling that we are being ‘pushed along’.
  • A University of Essex professor interviewed over 200 people and surveyed hundreds more to understand how they balance time and money. She focused on people going through major life transitions: recent retirees and new parents, and people preparing for those moments. While we expect retirees to have all the time in the world, she found that in reality, retirees are often pressed for time. Over a quarter of them feel time poor, with not enough hours left in the day for all they need to do. This is regardless of the amount of money they have. Although wealthy retirees generally have more control over their schedules, both rich and poor retirees are impacted by time poverty in older ages.


June 2022


May 2022

  • In Four Thousand Weeks, Journalist and psychology writer Oliver Burkeman reflected on time, noting, inter alia, that humans can expect to enjoy, on average, around 80 years, or 4,000 weeks, of life, while people’s perceptions of time radically changed with the onset of the Industrial Revolution.


November 2021


June 2021


February 2021

  • Journalist Alan Burdick delved into the philosophical roots of time. Drawing on the work of leading researchers, Burdick presented discoveries about how the brain processes input, effectively “making time” as it goes along, and he covered circadian clocks in biologic cells, organs and bodies, as well as how people calibrate and standardise time in social interactions. Philosophers - and later psychologists and neuroscientists - questioned time’s inherence. Albert Einstein revealed its relativity and indivisibility from space, whereas some of today’s experts consider “time perception” a purely mental phenomenon, related to consciousness.


January 2021


December 2020

  • Visual Capitalist reports that, while we all have the same 24 hours in a day, we don’t spend them the same way. Some prioritise family time or household chores, while others cherish a good night’s sleep or seeing friends. A chart from Our World in Data compared the average time allocated across various day-to-day activities, from paid work to leisurely activities. Basic patterns - work, rest, and play - emerge across the board. When it comes to paid work, for example, Japan emerges the highest on the list with approximately 6.5 hours per day. However, the country also has some of the highest overtime in a workweek. In contrast, European countries such as France and Spain report nearly half the same hours (less than three hours) of paid work per day on average.


November 2020

  • In his book Beyond Settler Time: Temporal Sovereignty and Indigenous Self-Determination, Mark Rifkin argues that Native people exist in a timeless space, everchanging between referential frames of time. Native people exist in a “precontact” past or within a “postcolonial” current, depending on which consciousness and gaze are being employed. It is through memory that Native people reclaim a history both individual and collective, both personal and communal, both deeply intimate and extremely political. Memory is woven in a unique matrix with land, language, and time. Native people have already "mastered time travel": they are able to conjure the deepest parts of humanhood through the act of memory. 


September 2020

  • Everything we do as living organisms is dependent, in some capacity, on time. The concept is so complex that scientists still argue whether it exists or if it is an illusion. In a video, astrophysicist Michelle Thaller, science educator Bill Nye, author James Gleick, and neuroscientist Dean Buonomano discussed how the human brain perceives of the passage of time, the idea in theoretical physics of time as a fourth dimension, and the theory that space and time are interwoven. All the experts touch on issues of perception, definition, and experience.


October 2019


September 2019

  • People who value time over money tend to be happier, according to multiple studies. And research in the journal Science Advances shows that this is particularly true as a person leaves education, facing weighty career choices while perhaps saddled with debt. Graduates who value time over money are more likely to pursue things they enjoy, including hobbies, social relationships, internships, and careers that provide intrinsic satisfaction rather than merely seeking compensation.
  • The biggest and most destructive myth in time management is that one can get everything done if only one follows the right system, uses the right to-do list, or processes your tasks in the right way. However, we live in a time when the uninterrupted stream of information and communication, combined with our unceasing accessibility, means that we could work every single hour of the day and night and still not keep up. For that reason, choosing what we are going to ignore may well represent the most important, most strategic time-management decision of all.


April 2019

  • In Why Time Flies, journalist Alan Burdick delved into the philosophical roots of time. He  presented discoveries about how the brain processes input, effectively “making time” as it goes along, he explained circadian clocks in biologic cells, organs and bodies, and he investigated how people calibrate and standardise time in social interactions. Burdick noted too that philosophers - and later psychologists and neuroscientists - questioned time’s inherence. Albert Einstein revealed its relativity and indivisibility from space, while today’s experts see “time perception” as a purely mental phenomenon, related to consciousness.
  • The efficiency delusion argued that efficiency in modern societies is paradoxical: on the one hand a quick shortcut is beneficial, helping us better allocate time or resources. On the other, efficiency can lead to implicit trade-offs with other values, like systemic effects, autonomy, sustainability, or emotional regulation. 


February 2019


December 2018


October 2018


September 2018


August 2018


July 2018

  • Humans left Africa earlier than we thought, noted Quartz, adding that our ancestors’ trek across the globe began an estimated 2.1 million years ago.
  • Meanwhile, researchers at Oxford University's School of Archaeology revealed an alternate story of how our DNA evolved: our species emerged from many isolated populations around Africa, over time got together to interbreed, and eventually all that diversity produced modern humans. What this means, for the Future Today Institute, is that while all of humanity's DNA is linked, we probably didn't all come from a single cradle in sub-Saharan Africa at just one moment in time.


June 2018


May 2018

  • Time is just a story we tell ourselves, according to Quartz. Building on the work of theoretical physicist Carlo Rovelli, Ephrat Livni offers a mind-shifting perspective on how everything from stargazing to international phone calls prove that time is a fluid, human concept - not a fact of the universe.

  • Time feels real to people. But it doesn’t even exist, according to quantum physics. “There is no time variable in the fundamental equations that describe the world,” theoretical physicist Carlo Rovelli told Quartz.

  • Rovelli’s new book, The Order of Timepublished in April, is about our experience of time’s passage as humans, and the fact of its absence at minuscule and vast scales. He makes a compelling argument that chronology and continuity are just a story we tell ourselves in order to make sense of our existence.
  • Stewart Brand’s framework of society and time argues that technology has sped us up beyond the bounds of nature as well as the governance we had in place to manage on that scale.  



  • According to Thor Heyerdahl, it is almost impossible grasp the meaning of time.  He didn't believe it exists and he felt this again and again, when alone and out in nature.  As Henry Ford said, it feels at such moments that "life is just one damn thing after another". 
  • Nevertheless, in the BBC’s The Wonders of the Universe, Brian Cox argued that, thanks to the second law of thermodynamics, entropy means that does indeed flow, and in only one direction.
  • "As a species, we can never know where our true potential lies until we confront the systems that keep us tied to the past. And that is where the true adventure will begin" - Thomas Frey
  • This temporal tension between the immediate and the eternal is one of the core characteristics and defining frustrations of the human experience - over and over, we strain to locate ourselves within time, against time, grasping for solid ground while aswirl in its unstoppable flow. 
  • Humans are not good at putting time in perspective. The spans of time in human history, and even more so in natural history, are so vast compared to the span of our life and recent history that it’s almost impossible to get a handle on it. If the Earth formed at midnight and the present moment is the next midnight, 24 hours later, modern humans have been around since 11:59:59pm—1 second.
  • What if our current clock-centric systems are a major contributor to human health problems, meaning that we live shorter lives, produce less, and are involved in more high-stress and high-anxiety situations simply because of our rigid dedication to a time system that governs every single moment of our lives? And what if we could change this?
  • Since we can't directly access the past or the future, the present seems to be all we've got. Yet Jacques Derrida denied the existence of the present. And physicists argue the present has no special status. Is the present an illusion? Or do we find in the present everything that is of value, asked an iai debate?