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We actively monitor change covering more than 150 key elements of life.

A Mundane Comedy is Dom Kelleher's new book. Extracts will appear on this site and across social media from late 2021. Please get in touch with any questions or thoughts.

The 52:52:52 project, launching both on this site and on Twitter in late 2021 will help you address 52 issues with 52 responses over 52 weeks.

What's Changing? - Travel



Please see below selected recent travel-related change.


See also:


October 2021


September 2021


August 2021


June 2021


May 2021


March 2021


February 2021

  • As governments contended with increasing threats from new coronavirus variants and lockdown fatigue within their populations, many turned to border controls as a means of controlling the virus. Chatham House assessed the effectiveness and impacts of border control measures and travel restrictions and addressed such key questions as: 
    • How are various countries approaching the issue of border control and international travel?
    • Why is there so much variation in the way countries are approaching points of entry controls?
    • What is the evidence on how border controls affect COVID spread?
    • Is it possible to travel internationally in a COVID-secure way, and if so, how?
    • And when might international travel return to some kind of 'normal'?


January 2021

  • McKinsey noted that people who travel for pleasure will want to get back to doing so in 2021. That has already been the pattern in China. The CEO of one major travel company noted that, beginning in the third quarter of 2020, business was “pretty much back to normal” when referring to growth. But it was a different normal: domestic travel was surging, but international travel was still depressed given pandemic-related border restrictions and concerns about health and safety. 
  • Quartz noted that while tourism wasn’t yet back by early 2021, but "vaccine tourism" was already a thing. The US state of Florida is putting in place residency requirements for receiving vaccines, after reports that visitors from other states - and some from Argentina - had traveled there for the jabs.


November 2020


October 2020

  • Overall, the most efficient ways to travel are via walking, bicycle, or train. Using a bike instead of a car for short trips would reduce your travel emissions by ~75%. Taking a train instead of a car for medium-length distances would cut your emissions by ~80%. Using a train instead of a domestic flight would reduce your emissions by ~84%. Over short to medium distances, walking or cycling are nearly always the lowest carbon way to travel. While not in the chart, the carbon footprint of cycling one kilometre is usually in the range of 16 to 50 grams CO2eq per km depending on how efficiently you cycle and what you eat,


August 2020

  • If the coronavirus pandemic leads to long-lasting change in travel patterns, then transport will have to adapt. Indeed, many of these problems were already on the table before the pandemic struck. We were already facing an intractable conflict between our desire to fly and the threat of climate change. Changing patterns of work and demography were already threatening the current model of public transport.
  • Africa’s fast-growing tourism industry could lose up to $120 billion and millions of jobs. When the Covid-19 pandemic hit, Africa’s tourism industry had just become the second fastest growing in the world. But with industry stakeholders including safari operators, hotels and flights all hobbled by coronavirus restrictions, Quartz explained the widespread impact on tourism across the continent.


July 2020


June 2020

  • After months of tight border restrictions meant to stop the spread of coronavirus, countries across the EU cautiously reopened to tourists from elsewhere in the union.Tourism is big business in Europe, accounting for 10 percent of the EU's GDP and some 27 million jobs across the bloc. 


May 2020

  • International tourism was expected to fall by 70% in 2020 this biggest slump since the 1950s, according to the UN World Tourism Organisation. In an interview with Germany newspaper Handelsblatt, agency chief Zurab Pololikashvili said 110 million jobs worldwide were at risk.
  • Japan recorded its steepest drop in tourism in over fifty years, with just 2,900 foreign nationals entering the country last month, a dip of more than 99.9 percent compared to the previous year. In 2018, the last year for which comprehensive data is available, around 7 percent of Japan's total GDP came from tourism.
  • Spain, which draws about 15 percent of its total GDP from tourism, stands to lose as much as 92 billion euros in revenue this year as a result of travel bans.


November 2019


October 2019

  • Japan’s All Nippon Airways (ANA) unveiled plans to deploy 1,000 telepresence robots as surrogates for people who are unable to travel – due to health condition, disability, or conflicting schedules – by 2020. Called Newme, the 1.5m tall robot has a tablet attached to the top as the user’s virtual face and a remote control. It can travel at 1.8mph with three hours of battery life. The user can use a VR headset to experience the environment through the robot's perspective.
  • Travel and tourism is expected to contribute an average 9 million new jobs per year to 2028 and representing around one quarter of total global net job creation.


June 2019


May 2019

  • GZEROMedia noted that Chinese tourism to the US dropped 5.7% in 2018 from the year prior, marking the first time that figure has declined year-on-year since 2003. That's real money lost -in 2017 Chinese tourists spent $18.8 billion dollars while visiting the US.


December 2018