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Halcyon's 52:52:52 campaign on Twitter, starting in early 2020, will help you address 52 issues with 52 responses over 52 weeks.

A Mundane Comedy is Dominic Kelleher's new book. Extracts will appear on this site and on selected social media during the second quarter of 2020. Please feel free to get in touch with any questions about the book.

Part consultancy, part thinktank, part social enterprise, Halcyon helps you prepare for and respond to personal, organisational and societal change.

What's Changing? - Animals



Please see below selected recent animals-related change.


See also:


January 2020

  • A study from the University of Sydney analysed audio recordings of cows in various emotionally loaded farmyard scenarios. The findings reveal communication goes beyond just mother-child relations - cows have unique voices and share emotions with each other throughout life.
  • A flock of new species was discovered. Researchers identified 10 new species of birds off the coast of Sulawesi in Indonesia.
  • Primatologist Frans de Waal examined chimpanzees’ inherent capacity for fairness, reciprocity and empathy - ‘higher emotions’ that used to be consider the exclusive province of Homo Sapiens– especially toward the more feeble members among them; something that would fly in the face of the ‘survival of the fittest’ delusion quoted by social engineers.


December 2019


November 2019


October 2019


August 2019


July 2019


June 2019


May 2019


April 2019


March 2019

  • Sustainable pet food company Wild Earth launched dog treats made of fermented koji, a type of fungus. The US-based startup aimed to revolutionise the pet food industry industry by making sustainable, cruelty-free, and healthy products. Currently much pet food is meat-based. Wild Earth said their koji dog treats contain all the amino acids that dogs need, while using 90% fewer resources than similar meat-based treats. 
  • Humans are wiping out chimpanzee culture. Human activity has already pushed chimpanzee populations to the brink, but research now shows chimps’ distinct cultural behaviours are at risk, too.
  • The Economist reported on a fossil site which has been discovered in China containing many animals that have not been seen before. Palaeontologists have only caught glimpses of ancient ecosystems, because most of the earliest animals lacked hard body parts, and soft material tends to rot away when hard material fossilises. The bodies of the animals in this new site, which dates back roughly 518m years, appear to have been better preserved because they were killed by a sudden mud burial.
  • Further reading:


February 2019


January 2019

  • Beyond Meat filed an IPO for $100 million - perhaps a key step towards realising the economic potential of a meat substitute market estimated to be worth $6.4 billion by 2023.
  • While much of the problem lies with pet owners, obesity is also rising among domestic and wild animals that aren’t overfed, claimed Quartz.
  • Scientists are using facial recognition to fight chimpanzee trafficking. The “ChimpFace” algorithm searches through social-media posts for the faces of stolen apes.


December 2018


November 2018

  • A government directive allowing the medical use of tiger bone and rhinoceros horn took effect in China after a 25-year ban. Usage of the animal parts is restricted to patients at approved hospitals with “critical” conditions or “difficult and complicated illnesses”. Global conservation groups are furious. China’s step backwards shows that the popularity of traditional medicine has not waned as much as previously believed.
  • There’s no better place in the world to be a pet than Japan, where spending on cats alone contributes around ¥2.3 trillion ($20 billion) to the economy every year, reported GZEROMedia. Since 2003 there have been more pets than humans under 15 in Japan, but cats just recently overtook dogs as the pet of choice.


October 2018


September 2018

  • The oldest known animal was found in fossil form. Ediacarans existed 558 million years ago, at least 20 million years before the Cambrian explosion of life.
  • Cows prefer to set their own schedules, too, reported Quartz. After installing milking robots, one Icelandic farm saw its 80 cows produce 30% more milk.
  • A recent University of Minnesota study found mice and rats were just as likely as humans to fall foul of lab experiments involving delays and rewards. In each case, the more time invested waiting for their ‘prizes’ (for the rodents, flavoured pellets, for the humans, funny videos) the less likely they were to quit the pursuit before the delay ended. According to some researchers, this pattern may suggest some evolutionary reason for this economically irrational flaw.
  • Scientists identified a “flexitarian” shark species. The bonnethead is the first known omnivore shark, relying on seagrass for 60% of its diet.
  • Hedgehogs have disappeared from most of the English and Welsh countryside. Scientists think their numbers have fallen by at least 80% since the 1950s, thanks to intensive farming and rising badger populations.
  • Bees increasingly love the buzz of urban life, reported Quartz, while their country cousins are living in a bee wasteland created by insecticides.


August 2018


July 2018

  • Global coworking powerhouse WeWork announced that it would no longer let its 6,000 employees expense meals containing meat, or serve meat at its events. WeWork stated in an internal memo: "New research indicates that avoiding meat is one of the biggest things an individual can do to reduce their personal environmental impact - even more than switching to a hybrid car".
  • A Quartz writer argued that feeling compassion and respect for the creatures around us doesn’t necessarily preclude eating meat. Whether we’re vegans or devout carnivores, our actions will sometimes have ramifications that cause harm to other living things. What’s important, the writer believes, is interrogating our individual ethics and responsibilities.
  • As humans gain an ever-increasing understanding of animals’ ability to think, feel, and experience pain, many of us are asking whether eating meat is morally acceptable. Can you care for animals and also eat them, asked a Quartz article.
  • Quartz noted that scientists test new chemical compounds on animals because we they claim we still don’t completely understand the world around us. New compounds might interact with living cells in unexpected ways, causing unforeseen harm. But an artificial intelligence system published in the research journal Toxicological Sciences showed that it might be possible to automate some tests using the knowledge about chemical interactions we already have. The AI was trained to predict how toxic tens of thousands of unknown chemicals could be, based on previous animal tests, and the algorithm’s results were shown to be as accurate as live animal tests.


June 2018


May 2018



  • Juxtaposing this with this EU communication from 2012 on animal welfare illustrates clearly how, so often, poetry trumps policy. I myself had an awakening realisation about how we should treat non-human animals, and captures perfectly why I protested against animal exports many years ago and eventually stopped eating meat entirely. In contrast, the dull but worthy EU prose (perhaps it contains good news for animals, perhaps it doesn't, but who's going to wade through it to find out?) 
  • All this in the one continent which - above all others - should remember and recoil from shipping sentient beings in trucks.
  • Seeing humans as social animals, rather than rational machines, and arguing that the latest neuroscience suggests that the experiental view of the world espoused by the likes of David Hume trumps the mind/body divide of the Cartesians, David Brooke explored new insights into human nature and the forces that shape our choices and actions.
  • The environmental impact of the lifecycle/supply chain of animals raised for food may have been vastly underestimated.